The argument to include 16 – 18-year-old minors in a special bracket was based on the data from the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB). Considering offences committed in this age as crimes and putting them in adult jails can cause further damage. The second law that dealt with juvenile offenders was the Reformatory Schools Act, 1876. 9344 . Also, there is a need to foster a culture of open communication between parents and children among all classes. The Government must improve the Child Care Institutions to provide a better environment for the child’s growth and development. The legislation strives to achieve a balance between child rights and justice by not sentencing juveniles to the death sentence and life imprisonment. Most children who commit these crimes are from a poor background. Punishing them instead of promotion of rehabilitation will do little to improve the future society. This law provides an efficient mechanism for providing the needs of those children who are in need of care and protection. Juvenile Justice Act – Indian Polity:- Download PDF Here. During British Raj, in 1897 Reformatory schools Act was introduced in India, the Madras Children Act, Bengal Children Act, and Bombay Children Acts were introduced in the years 1920, 1922, 1924 respectively. In the amended law (2015 Act), the terms are ‘children in conflict with the law’ and ‘children in need of care and protection’; so that the distinction is clear. The Mumbai city Juvenile Justice Board and a children’s court directed that he be tried as an adult under the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) Act, 2015. This law provides for the efficient functioning of CWC. The Juvenile Justice Act of 2000 was amended in 2015 with a provision allowing for Children in Conflict with Law (CCL) to be tried as adults under certain circumstances. There are many positives in the 2015 JJA. Compilation Mindmaps (for prelims) – Indexes, Space Missions, govt agencies, missiles etc. This is important legislation in India that is also relevant for the GS Paper-II of the. The Indian Jails Committee (1919-20) also made some recommendations with regard to children in conflict with the law. The Act amended in 2015 changed the nomenclature of ‘juvenile’ to ‘child’ and ‘child in conflict with the law’. Under the previous Act, any minor, regardless of the crime committed, could be convicted only to a maximum of 3 years. 3. They are unaware of the consequences. They might suffer or learn new and illegal ways leading them to become future liabilities. Considering these minors as criminals and jailing them would bring them into contact with the professional criminals who are already residing there. In India, No. Context: The government introduced an amendment to the Juvenile Justice (JJ) Act, 2015, in the Lok Sabha to empower District Magistrates with the authority to grant adoption orders. Some of the problems in the law are discussed below. Organised and efficient system of adoption of orphaned, abandoned and surrendered children. The Board is meant to be a child-friendly place and not intimidating for the child. Download June 2020 IE Magazine PDF for FREE! A child of 16-18 years age, who commits a lesser offence (a serious offence), may be tried as an adult if he is apprehended after the age of 21 years. You will receive a link to create a new password via email. It will provide sound justice to the victims while at the same time safeguards children’s rights. The Act provides for a special approach towards the prevention and treatment of juvenile delinquency and provides a framework for the protection, treatment and rehabilitation of children in the purview of the juvenile justice system. It also makes it compulsory for all child care institutions to be registered. The amendment in the 2000 law came about because of public outrage at the infamous Delhi gang-rape case (Nirbhaya Case) in 2012. By including the provision for 16 to 18 year-olds to be tried like adults in case of heinous crimes, it provides justice to the victims of such crimes. Juvenile Justice Act - UPSC Polity Notes The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2018 has been introduced in the Lok Sabha. This data is itself questioned by many, and also, many of the cases were in the FIR stage and under preliminary proceedings only. Prevention is better than cure. The Act seeks to hold the child accused of crime accountable, not through punishments, but through counselling.
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