Life of Socrates: By Diogenes Laertius (Third Century A.D.) From the ‘Lives and Sayings of the Philosophers’: Translation of William Cranston Lawton. ~ Socrates as quoted in Diogenes Laertius . Cicero is one of the earliest sources attributing the sentiment to Socrates. He wrote about the lives of the eminent philosophers, via what he had heard about them, what he had read about them from others, or of their works, etc. Socrates viewed wrongdoing as a form of ignorance as opposed to an evil. Some of the most amusing anecdotes are those relating his continual feud with Plato whom he … DIOGENES LAERTIUS ON SOCRATES Diogenes Laertius (lived 3rd century, C.E.) Cicero, Tusculan Disputations 5.108 “Socrates, when he was asked what state was his, used to… As far as we know, this was his last battle. When Plato is asked what sort of man Diogenes is, he responds, “A Socrates gone mad” (Diogenes Laertius, Book 6, Chapter 54). Diogenes Laertius, 6.63, on Diogenes the Cynic (4th Century BCE) “When asked where he was from, he said “I am a world-citizen.” ἐρωτηθεὶς πόθεν εἴη, “κοσμοπολίτης,” ἔφη. This lends philosophical support to rehabilitative justice whereby offenders are educated and trained in order to ensure they don't reoffend. Plato’s label is representative, for Diogenes’ adaptation of Socratic philosophy has frequently been regarded as one of degradation. The layout of this volume is a bit of a pain--endnotes instead of footnotes--so that one is constantly flipping pages back and forth, but nothing can tamp down the humor, wit and fire of Diogenes' statements. Diogenes of Sinope was an ancient Greek philosopher who, at different points, allegedly lived in a wine barrel (some accounts describe it as a tub), urinated on … Socrates was a military veteran, approximately 48 years old, with a well-known reputation for his exceptional endurance and courage when the battle of Amphipolis took place. SOCRATES was the son of Sophroniscus a sculptor and Phænarete a midwife [as Plato also states in the ‘Theætetus’], and an Athenian, of the deme Alopeke. Diogenes Laertius sounds impressed that he was hardy enough to take to the field once again as a hoplite, despite his age. Diogenes is one of my two favorite philosophers, the other being Epictetus, whose Discourses are very much worth reading. Much of what is known about his life in Athens and Corinth comes from the work The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers by Diogenes Laertius (3rd century CE). is analogous to a modern day editor of People magazine.