Positivists like Auguste Comte, then, reject as meaningless the claims of theology and metaphysics. just the observations). Knowledge of anything beyond that is impossible. In the positivist view, the universe is deterministic. For the first part I would refer to my answer about postivism: answer to What does positivism mean? Positivism - Positivism - Logical positivism and logical empiricism: A first generation of 20th-century Viennese positivists began its activities, strongly influenced by Mach, around 1907. Notable among them were a physicist, Philipp Frank, mathematicians Hans Hahn and Richard von Mises, and an economist and sociologist, Otto Neurath. In the end, it was Karl Popper who against logical positivism detected, that the difference is the possibility of falsification - not verification. Belief that natural science, based on observation, comprises the whole of human knowledge. Logical positivism was a later school with the specific aim of creating a language of formal logic to predict positive statements. The most influential twentieth-century version is logical positivism. The purpose of science is sticking to what we can observe and measure. logical positivism Positivism is an epistemological position that holds that the goal of knowledge is simply to describe the phenomena that we experience. This insight of Popper is considered by many as a breakthrough in epistemology. Positivism claims that science is the best approach to understanding the world and/or to addressing social issues. It also emphasizes the role of observation over the development of explanatory theories. positivism. logical positivism or logical empiricism) can be regarded as a species of naturalism having the fewest ontological commitments (i.e. A main topic of logical positivism from 20th century was the question, how to separate science from metaphysics. So construed, positivism (i.e.