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chlorine ion name

It is sometimes associated with hypoventilation. It is an essential electrolyte located in all body fluids responsible for maintaining acid/base balance, transmitting nerve impulsesand regulating fluid in and out of cells. Chloride salts such as sodium chloride are often very soluble in water. [91][92], The chloride anion is an essential nutrient for metabolism. Chlorine is needed for the production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach and in cellular pump functions. Chlorine, as mentioned above, desperately wants an electron so it can fill its outer electron level. Human respiratory systems can be protected from chlorine gas by gas masks with activated charcoal or other filters, which makes chlorine gas much less lethal than other chemical weapons. Complex acid compounds have oxygen in them. Overly low or high concentrations of chloride in the blood are examples of electrolyte disturbances. Its name comes from the Greek word chloros, meaning greenish-yellow. Chlorine is a yellow-green gas at room temperature. [96], Chlorine is a toxic gas that attacks the respiratory system, eyes, and skin. [87][88], On 24 October 2014, it was reported that the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant had used chlorine gas in the town of Duluiyah, Iraq. Chlorine gas is a strong oxidizer, which may react with flammable materials.[100][101]. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Water chlorination is the process of adding chlorine or chlorine compounds such as sodium hypochlorite to water.This method is used to kill bacteria, viruses and other microbes in water. The process proceeds according to the following chemical equation:[58]. [70] These "putrid miasmas" were thought by many to cause the spread of "contagion" and "infection" – both words used before the germ theory of infection. In or about 1820, the Société d'encouragement pour l'industrie nationale offered a prize for the discovery of a method, chemical or mechanical, for separating the peritoneal membrane of animal intestines without putrefaction. Chlorate(1-) 14866-68-3. Why is melted paraffin was allowed to drop a certain height and not just rub over the skin? [53] In addition, a variety of simple chlorinated hydrocarbons including dichloromethane, chloroform, and carbon tetrachloride have been isolated from marine algae. [46] Chlorine perchlorate may also be considered a chlorine derivative of perchloric acid (HOClO3), similar to the thermally unstable chlorine derivatives of other oxoacids: examples include chlorine nitrate (ClONO2, vigorously reactive and explosive), and chlorine fluorosulfate (ClOSO2F, more stable but still moisture-sensitive and highly reactive). Serum chloride levels are mainly regulated by the kidneys through a variety of … NCGC00091465-02. However, due to the expense and reactivity of chlorine, organochlorine compounds are more commonly produced by using hydrogen chloride, or with chlorinating agents such as phosphorus pentachloride (PCl5) or thionyl chloride (SOCl2). [106] Hypochlorite bleach (a popular laundry additive) combined with ammonia (another popular laundry additive) produces chloramines, another toxic group of chemicals. [99] Because it is denser than air, it tends to accumulate at the bottom of poorly ventilated spaces. However, it thermally decomposes explosively by breaking one of the central Cl–O bonds, producing the radicals ClO3 and ClO4 which immediately decompose to the elements through intermediate oxides. Chlorine is detectable with measuring devices in concentrations as low as 0.2 parts per million (ppm), and by smell at 3 ppm. [62], In France (as elsewhere), animal intestines were processed to make musical instrument strings, Goldbeater's skin and other products. Chlorine reacts with water in the mucosa of the lungs to form hydrochloric acid, destructive to living tissue and potentially lethal. NCI Thesaurus (NCIt) Chloride is a halide anion formed when chlorine picks up an electron to form an an anion. Called Dakin's solution, the method of wound irrigation with chlorinated solutions allowed antiseptic treatment of a wide variety of open wounds, long before the modern antibiotic era. How long will the footprints on the moon last? It was pioneered by a German scientist later to be a Nobel laureate, Fritz Haber of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin, in collaboration with the German chemical conglomerate IG Farben, which developed methods for discharging chlorine gas against an entrenched enemy. Joseph Cotruvo, Victor Kimm, Arden Calvert. When it takes on that extra electron, it becomes a chlorine ion… During the Paris cholera outbreak of 1832, large quantities of so-called chloride of lime were used to disinfect the capital. Several families of voltage-gated channels and ligand-gated channels (e.g., the CaCC families) have been characterized in humans. Chlorine and oxygen can bond in many ways: .

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